Ghaleb Khater (1922 – 2009)
Born and raised in Luxor, Ghaleb Khater graduated from the Faculty of Fine Arts in Cairo in 1950 when Egypt was still a protectorate of Britain and ruled by a monarch. Chronologically, Khater belongs to the Third Generation of Egyptian pioneer artists. However, the direction he took and the stand he upheld separate Khater from any collective art movement or historical categorization. Though his formative years are influenced by ancient Egyptian art and classic realism, drawing on a widespread ideology at the time to revive Egypt’s ancient glory, Khater soon moved to a politically-charged neo-surrealist stage calling for social change with the aim to free Egypt.
Responding to the call of history and driven by the necessity of self-expression, not just the impulse for aesthetic creation, Khater depicted emancipatory and controversial messages calling for a popular uprising ‘to make people’s lives more bearable’ and attempted the difficult task of stating what he saw, not as a witness to history, but as a committed marginal. Detached from the cultural scene and contrary to other artists of his generation whose ‘revolutionary’ stage was only short-lived, Khater continued to create singular aesthetics, using minimalistic and monochromatic metaphors and symbols, to incite a dialogue.
He slipped under a shroud of anonymity, with his art purposely disregarded as politically motivated in both content and form, by the ironclad grip of a controlling state who saw his efforts as rather provocations. The labeling of contemporary artists as ‘political’ as well as the current commodification of the notion of revolution will appear out of place because Khater’s work, four decades prior to Arab Spring, is explicitly ‘revolutionary’, timeless and universal.